Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 23-26
Improvement in Optical Properties of Nuclear Track Detector
Doaa Hassan Shabaan, Department of Physics, Faculty of Women for Art, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Tayseer Ibrahim AL-Naggar, Department of Physics, Faculty of Women for Art, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Najran University, Najran, Saudi Arabia
Received: Jul. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 31, 2019;       Published: Sep. 2, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ns.20190402.12      View  96      Downloads  21
Abstract
The purpose of this work was obtaining information about the interaction of γ- ray with CR-39 track detector by using the UV-Vis spectrometry and FTIR which can be used in concerning sensor for gamma irradiation. CR-39 samples irradiated by radioactive source Co-60 at different doses are (0, 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 kGy). The UV-Vis spectroscopy show transitions electronic in the visible region from ground state to excited state, by increasing gamma doses, and the absorbance spectrum for all samples take the same behavior with slightly shift. This shift due to decrease in the optical band gap energy Eg. The FTIR spectra show for all samples there are increases in the intensity of the characteristic peaks with increasing gamma ray, at 3234, 2367 and 1817 cm-1, this increase may be related to more oxidation process that, in turn was produced on the polymer chains by increase gamma doses, and the number of peaks at 1817, 2367, 2645 and 3234 cm-1 is belong to carbonate group C=O stretching vibration, O=C=O asymmetric by stretching, C-H Stretching, H2O free stretching vibration, respectively. By increase gamma ray did not observed changes in the CR-39 groups but observed change in the intensities of peaks, then CR-39 detector can be used properly in the field of radiation dosimetery.
Keywords
CR-39 Polymer, UV/Vis, FTIR, Radiation Dosimetry, Gamma Ray Irradiation
To cite this article
Doaa Hassan Shabaan, Tayseer Ibrahim AL-Naggar, Improvement in Optical Properties of Nuclear Track Detector, Nuclear Science. Special Issue: Radiation Dosimetry. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2019, pp. 23-26. doi: 10.11648/j.ns.20190402.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
K. I. Mohammed, M. I. Azawe, Measurement of thermal and optical properties of CR-39 solid-state nuclear detector by photothermal deflection, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 308 (2013) 54-61.
[2]
J. Babak, N. Atefeh, S. Nima, N. Hanieh, Surface properties of UV irradiated CR-39 polymer before and after chemical etching and registration of fingerprints on CR-39, Radiation Measurements. 101 (2017) 22-28.
[3]
S. Surinder, Neerja, The effect of gamma-irradiation on the activation energy of bulk and track etching in CR-39 plastic track detector, Radiation Measurements. 42 (2007) 1507–1509.
[4]
Yamauchi, T. and Ichijo, H., K. Oda, Depth-dependence of the bulk etch rate of gamma-ray irradiated CR-39 track detector, Radiation Measurements. 34 (2001) 85–89.
[5]
K. M. Thabayneh, M. Y. Shoeib, Studying some properties of CR-39 detector under the effect of different gamma doses, Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. 20 (2016) 55–60.
[6]
A. T. Zuhair, Use of CR-39 Polymer for Radiation Dosimetry. JKAU: Eng. Sci. 22 (2011) 79-96.
[7]
M. A. Malek, C. S. chang, A. Renreng, Generation of CO2 in γ- ray irradiated CR-39 plastic, Nucl. Tracks Radiat. Meas, 35 (2002) 109-114.
[8]
M. F. Zaki, Gamma-Induced Modification on Optical Band Gap of CR-39 SSNTD, Brazilian Journal of Physics. 38 (2008) 558-562.
[9]
M. F. Zaki, W. A. Ghaly, H. S. El-Bahkiry, Photoluminescence, optical band gap and surface wettability of some polymeric track detectors modified by electron beam, Surf. Coat. Technol. 275 (2015) 363–368.
[10]
J. Tauc, Optical Properties of Solids, Ables, A. Ed. (Amsterdam: North- Holland) (1970).
[11]
A. M. Abdul-Kader, M. F. Zaki, B. A. El-Badry, Modified the optical and electrical properties of CR-39 by gamma ray irradiation, J. Radiat. Res. Appl. Sci. 7 (2014) 286–291.
[12]
S. Singh, S. Prasher, The optical, chemical and spectral response of gamma-irradiated Lexan polymeric track recorder, Radiat. Meas. 40 (2005) 50–54.
[13]
T. Heins, W. Enge, Oxygen effect on the etch rate in CR-39 plastic detector, Nucl. Tracks Radiat. Meas. 87 (1986) 1–6.
[14]
M. F. Zaki, Y. H. Elshaer, Doaa, H. taha, Studying the Structural, Optical, Chemical and Electrochemical Etching Changes of CR-39 for Dosemetric Applications, Journal of Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 40 (2017) 1–8.
[15]
T. Yamauchi, H. Nakai, Y. Somaki, K. Oda, Formation of CO2 gas and OH groups in CR-39 plastics due to gamma-ray and ions irradiation, Radiat. Mea. 36 (2003) 99-103.
Browse journals by subject